Work related low back pain can be quite a crippling problem and is one of the major causes for holidays being taken from work. Nowadays low back pain due to long hours at work and working on the computer is becoming more common especially among the younger population.

This is because of long hours at the computer table or at a work desk with a wrong sitting posture. Before going into the back pain causes, symptoms and treatment, in brief, let us know a little about the anatomy of the backbone.

Structure and Anatomy of the Backbone

The backbone (called the vertebral column) is made up of a series of bones (called the vertebrae)  placed one above the other with an intervening cartilage called the intervertebral disc. These  vertebrae  are held in position by the various muscles of the back.

The lower part of the vertebral column is called the lumbar region and the sacrum which is situated below the lumbar region. The corresponding vertebrae are thus called the lumbar and the sacral vertebrae.

There is a  disc called the intervertebral disc, which is situated between the two adjoining vertebrae. This disc is made of cartilage  and functions as a shock absorber and acts as a cushion between the two vertebrae. It also facilitates the movements of the back such as bending etc.

Various nerves coming from the spinal cord exit from the spaces between the two adjacent vertebrae, and  supply the various corresponding areas of the  body.

 Causes of Work Related Lower Back Pain

There are various causes of lower back pain such as age, trauma,  scoliosis,  a growth,  herniated disc (slipped disc) referred pain from some other part, spondylosis,  spondylitis,  spondolysthesis, spinal stenosis, vertebral fractures due to osteoporosis. However, here, we shall discuss the causes of work related low back pain when sitting in front of the computer or at a desk at work in the wrong posture.

Sitting for hours at a desk or in front of the computer every day and day after day, is  the routine  for many of us. We tend to adopt a slightly relaxed posture, which becomes a routine . When we talk of a relaxed posture, we mean a posture with a slight hunching of the back, or leaning back while sitting on the chair or slouching.

This wrong posture puts a strain on the muscles of the back. And when this happens over prolonged periods, these back muscles tend to weaken. As a result of this weakness, the concerned muscles cannot function properly and the vertebra  which they hold up, tends to slip.

This results in the space between the two adjacent vertebrae becoming less. As a result, the vertebrae exert pressure on the intervertebral disc, which slowly collapses and starts wearing off .

As this happens, the nerves which are passing through the intervertebral spaces get compressed or pinched and the various symptoms described below, occur. This condition is called spondylosis.

Symptoms of  WorkRelated Low Back Pain (Spondylosis)

Symptoms of low back pain increase in severity if the condition is left untreated. There is pain in the affected area of the back. As the condition progresses, and the nerves start getting compressed or pinched, the areas supplied by the nerves, start feeling pain, numbness, and tingling.

The nerves coming out of the lower vertebrae supply the lower limbs and therefore tingling and numbness will be experienced in the back and the lower limbs. There may also be sharp shooting pains in the lower limbs.

Inability to bend,  sit and stand for a  long time is another characteristic feature. Low back pain which come about due to your work habits must not be ignored and corrective steps should be taken promptly.

 How to Prevent Work-Related Low Back Pain

As mentioned earlier, this can be quite a crippling problem and should be prevented. However, there is no cost involved to prevent work-related lower back pain. There is a requirement of say 20 minutes of your time everyday and a total commitment on your part to your own self to follow the preventive regime.

1] Correct sitting posture

It is imperative that you always maintain an upright posture when sitting. Your back should be at right angles to your thighs with the legs on the ground or a foot  rest. Do not slouch and do not lean backwards. The small of the back should be resting firmly against the angle of the ‘L’ of the chair or the sofa. Observe the picture below closely. The importance of this cannot be expressed more seriously.

2] Exercises to prevent low back pain

Everyday , without fail, say twenty minutes, should be allocated for exercises and if you are a computer man sitting in front of the computer or at a work-desk for hours everyday, then special attention should be given, besides other things, to exercises of the back and the neck. However, refer to sites on yoga, as they will guide you on the proper exercises to strengthen the back muscles.

Please note that, if you are already having back pain, then you should see your doctor and take treatment. You should only follow exercises prescribed by your physiotherapist, and that too, when the back pain has subsided.

Treatment for Work Related Low Back Pain

 When back pain has set in,  treatment consists of the following:

1] Rest, anti-inflammatory painkillers and muscle relaxants.

2] Traction

3]  Physiotherapy

4]  Lumbar belt

5]  Surgical intervention in advanced cases

The lumbar belt gives a firm support to the back and keeps the back muscles in a neutral position, thus preventing the muscles from getting strained.

It does not allow you to go into that improper posture, which one easily tends to go into. It is easy to strap on and can be worn over the clothes just before sitting on your workstation.

Moreover, It can be kept at your workstation table so you don’t have to carry it to work and back every day. Note that work and computer related back pain is the  2nd highest cause after cold, for absentees from work. Take it seriously.

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