Since ancient times, we have been using ginger in cooking because of its flavor, nutritional value, and medicinal properties. The ginger that we use in our homes, is actually the root of the plant.

Because of its nutritional and medicinal value, it imparts many health benefits and has uses that are valuable in day-to-day life. However, it does have certain mild side effects on some people.

It was originally grown in Southeast Asian countries but is now grown in Jamaica and some other tropical countries also.

Classified as a spice, it is a natural remedy in many health disorders and there are studies conducted, which have confirmed these health benefits.

It contains a rich amount of gingerol, which has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and is responsible for many health benefits.

Health benefits of ginger on the body

The health benefits of ginger span all body systems and organs. They are explained below.

  • Benefits on the digestive tract. Ginger is an effective remedy for indigestion, flatulence, dyspepsia, diarrhea, and stomach pain due to acidity and colic. It is a good appetizer and because of its antiseptic properties, it is used to treat intestinal infections.
  • Benefits on the respiratory system. Ginger is a good expectorant and is helpful in removing mucus from the throat and lungs. It is therefore useful in the treatment of colds, coughs, bronchitis, and asthma.
  • Benefits on cholesterol levels and heart. It helps to reduce LDL cholesterol levels in the blood. It also has anti-clotting properties. These two properties make it a useful agent in the prevention of heart attack and stroke.
  • Benefits on nausea and vomiting. Ginger is a natural remedy to stop the nausea and vomiting of morning sickness and motion sickness.
  • Benefits on blood pressure. Ginger relaxes the smooth muscles, which are present in the walls of the blood vessels. This action helps to reduce blood pressure.
  • Benefits on ovarian cancer. The cancer research center of the University of Michigan concluded that taking ginger regularly helps to kill specifically the cancer cells in cases of ovarian cancer. This is because of its anti-carcinogenic and anti-oxidant properties.
  • Benefits on colorectal cancer. Due to its properties explained above, there is a similar benefit to taking ginger in the treatment of colorectal cancer.
  • Benefits on arthritis. When you take ginger regularly, its anti-inflammatory properties help reduce the pain and inflammation of arthritis. These properties are due to the compound, gingerol, present in it. Regular intake stimulates the release of prostaglandin, which alleviates the pain.
  • For migraine. For this reason, ginger is also helpful to get relief from migraine.
  • For muscle pain. Ginger oil is used to massage the pain due to muscle spasms and cramps with good results.
  • Menstrual pain. Ginger is also given to treat the pain and cramps of menstruation.
  • Benefits on hair. Its benefits on hair are also well known. It is used as a local application on the scalp to treat hair loss. It protects the hair against dandruff, conditions the hair, and also speeds up hair growth.
  • The benefit of ginger on face complexion is also widely accepted. Applying its juice on the face increases the skin glow and decreases any local inflammation caused by acne or any such skin condition.


Ginger is used fresh, dried, powdered, or in the form of an oil or paste, or juice. It is a very common ingredient in food recipes. It is also used as an ingredient in processed foods and cosmetics. Its use as alternative medicine in certain health conditions is well known.

  • Nausea and vomiting are caused by antiretroviral drugs used to treat HIV/AIDS. You should take ginger orally 30 minutes before each dose of antiretroviral therapy for 14 days. It reduces the risk of nausea and vomiting caused by these drugs.
  • Take ginger orally during the first 4 days of your menstrual cycle to get relief from menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea). It gives significant relief from menstrual pain.
  • Oral ginger can give relief from the joint pain of osteoarthritis in some people.
  • Orally, it reduces the morning sickness symptoms of nausea and vomiting in some women during pregnancy.

Nutritional facts

There are various macronutrients and micronutrients in ginger, including proteins and minerals.

100 gram of fresh ginger contains the following:

Components Quantity
(per 100 g of fruit)
Calories 80
Total carbohydrates 18 grams
Proteins 1.8 grams
Total Fat 0.8 grams
Dietary Fiber 2 grams
Sugar 1.7 grams
Calcium 16.00 milligrams
Iron 0.60 milligrams
Potassium 415 milligrams
Niacin 0.750 milligrams
Vitamin B6 0.160 milligram
Vitamin C 5.0 milligram

Side effects

Consuming ginger is likely to be safe for most people. However, some people may experience some side effects.

  • You could develop an allergic reaction to it, which can manifest as hives, breathing difficulty, swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat
  • You could easily bleed due to a bruise, which may not stop.
  • You could develop heartburn, diarrhea, stomach discomfort
  • Girls could have heavier menstrual periods and
  • Local application on the skin may cause skin irritation.


How much ginger should you consume every day?

Ginger supplements are available and you should take 100 to 200 mg daily in divided doses. Alternatively, you can take its fresh grated form or as a powder. About ½ teaspoon, three times a day would be ideal. You could also add it to your tea or coffee. Besides giving the beverages a good taste, it will also make the beverages healthier.

Is it good to eat ginger on an empty stomach?

The benefits of consuming ginger on an empty stomach mean it is absorbed more quickly and delivered faster into the blood. This means quicker improved digestion, more energy and vigor, improved digestion of fats and cholesterol, and better skin.

 Is it good to eat raw ginger every day?

Ginger has powerful components that lower blood sugar levels and prevent heart disease. Eating it every day can regulate the production of insulin in patients with diabetes. Due to the cholesterol-lowering abilities of ginger, it prevents heart-related diseases and strokes.

What happens if you eat raw ginger?

In some people, ginger can cause gas, bloating of the stomach, heartburn, and nausea. Since it has a blood pressure-lowering and blood-thinning effect, people who are on blood thinners or blood pressure drugs should take it after consulting their doctor.

Who should not eat ginger?

People who have a bleeding or blood clotting disorder, diabetes, or a heart condition should consult their doctor before consuming ginger.

It may cause acidity in some people. However, according to Healthline, in small doses, it may relieve gastrointestinal irritation by reducing stomach acid reflux into the esophagus and inflammation, which can reduce symptoms of acid reflux.

Although ginger’s anti-inflammatory properties may make it effective against acid reflux, there isn’t a medical basis for this. At this time, there aren’t any studies on whether it is a suitable treatment for acid reflux symptoms.