Acne begin to appear at puberty in both boys and girls. They are found in acne prone areas of the skin. These areas are the face including the forehead, neck, chest, back and the buttocks. However, the face is the most common area on the body, which is acne-prone.
They can mar the look of the boy and the girl and initiate an inferiority complex, which, in certain sensitive teenagers can lead to depression.
There are natural ways to prevent these acne breakouts problems, which for the reason mentioned above, gather importance. These tips will help you to avoid acne not just on the face but also on the neck, the back, the chest and the buttocks.
1. Skin hygiene will help prevent acne
Acne are caused due to the clogging of the hair follicles by sebum, which is secreted by the sebaceous glands. The sebaceous glands lie just under the epidermis of the skin and drain the sebum through the hair follicles into the skin pores to be brought out on to the skin surface.
The clogging of the hair follicles leads to the sebum, the dead skin cells and the skin bacteria being trapped inside. The hair follicles get enlarged and form a small rounded swelling, which projects onto the skin surface as a pimple.
It becomes necessary to maintain skin hygiene and the keep the skin pores potent at all times. To do this, wash your face with water (lukewarm, if possible) twice or thrice a day. If you exercise, wash your face after exercise as well, because the sweat can clog the skin pores.
Besides, you should also shower twice a day and immediately after exercise to prevent acne on the neck, the back, the chest and the buttocks. Use a mild soap, which will not irritate the skin. This will rid the skin off dust and other impurities, dead skin cells, and any excess oil that can clog the skin pores. Pat your body dry with a clean towel. Do not rub vigorously as it will inflame the skin and any acne, if present.
2. Use acne preventing products, cosmetics, and makeup
Cosmetics and makeup can clog the skin pores. Most cosmetics contain chemicals, which are not friendly to your skin. You must, therefore use makeup sparingly and always wash your face off the makeup before going to sleep.
Avoid harsh makeup products. They can irritate the skin and stimulate secretion of extra sebum. Use moisturizers and makeup products that are noncomedogenic and nonacnegenic. You must look for these words on the label of the product. These are lotions and skin screens that are oil-free and they break down the excess oils on your skin without stripping the necessary moisture and the nutrients.
3. Exfoliate twice a week
Over performing sebaceous glands can cause acne breakouts, but under performing glands can give you a dry skin. Dry skin can give way to cracks developing on the skin surface, which can breed bacteria. Dry skin also gives rise to flakes, which can clog the skin pores.
To overcome this problem, exfoliate your skin twice a week. This will deeply clean the skin and remove any buildup that blocks the skin pores. Read how to exfoliate.
4. Use hair care products carefully
Avoid using oil and oil products and gel on the hair. The oil can seep down on the face and cause acne to breakout, especially n the forehead. If you have an oily skin, shampoo your hair daily. Use a gentle shampoo and conditioner.
5. Keep your face hands-free
Some of us have a habit of touching the face. Frequent touching of a particular area of the face can darken that area on the face. Avoid propping your chin on your hands when sitting at a desk or table. It is also a way bacteria from your hand can land on the face and increase risk of infection riding into your skin pores.
6. Drink adequate quantity of water
An average healthy adult must drink 8 to 12 glasses of water throughout the day. Adequate water in the body will dissolve the waste and the toxins in the body and help get rid of them through skin, urine and the bowels. Without enough water, waste in the body will build up. Undissolved waste under the skin can accumulate and lead to an acne breakout.
7. Acne preventing tips during exercise
Regular exercise is good for your body in more ways than one — and good for your skin too, as it cleans the skin pores by getting rid of waste through sweat. But certain habits during exercise can cause you to develop acne.
If you exercise or do your yoga on an exercise mat, make sure you carry your own mat, which you clean regularly. You could be putting your face on the side where your (or someone else’s) feet were the previous day. It will be better to put a clean towel on the mat before you start using the mat.
Secondly, wear loose-fitting clothing. It should be porous to allow the sweat to evaporate. Tight nonporous clothing will cause constant friction with the skin and cause sweat to accumulate under the clothing. This can make you very prone to developing body acne.
8. Prevent acne from helmet use
Chafing from wearing a helmet, while driving a two-wheeler or playing football can cause acne to breakout on the forehead. Even the tight chin strap can cause the acne to breakout on the chin. This is due to the chronic friction between the chin strap and the chin.
To prevent the acne from using a helmet, you can wear a bandana under the helmet to prevent the sweat from the scalp from coming down on the forehead. Make sure you use a washed and clean bandana every day. Have a shower immediately after the football game.
Secondly, clean the every other day to remove the dried sweat and dirt from it. Do not wear the chin strap too tight because the friction will irritate your skin on the chin and cause an acne breakout.
9. Learn to manage stress
When you are emotionally stressed, your body responds by secreting more androgen hormone from the adrenal glands. This is the male sex hormone, testosterone. This stimulates the sebaceous glands under the skin to secrete more sebum into the hair follicles. This is the leading cause of acne.
Learn to manage stress. Meditation can be very useful. It will help to raise your stress threshold and help you control your stress and an acne breakout.
10. Do certain foods prevent acne?
The answer is still uncertain. Some studies indicate that you could eat anything; even the greasiest of the foods, but that will not cause acne. On the other hand, it is suspected though not proven, that eating dairy products and carbohydrate-rich food like bread and chips can trigger an acne onset. Chocolates are also suspected of making acne worse. Avoiding these type of foods can help prevent acne formation.
However, whatever be the fact, it is always wise to eat healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish to have a healthy and glowing skin. They contain antioxidants, which have anti-ageing properties and prevent wrinkle formation. They are good for maintaining a clear and healthy skin.
The above tips to prevent acne are common for men and women. They attain importance during certain stages in life when acne onset is most common due to hormonal changes in the body
· In boys and girls during onset of puberty
· In women during periods, pregnancy, premenopausal period and menopause.